A mother has been fined €30,000 by an Italian court for criticising her ex-husband in front of their son.
The mother had custody over their youngster and a civil tribunal claimed the woman's ranting breached the child's rights of having a healthy relationship with both of his parents.
The judge found the woman had failed to ensure the child and his father had a 'healthy and proper' relationship and 'continued to express her disapproval, using derogatory terms about the boy's father.'
The mother now has to change her approach to her partner and child's relationship in order to keep custody.
By repeatedly criticizing her ex in front of the child, the woman was said to be damaging the child's mental health making her actions criminal behaviour.
Now the woman, who could not be named for legal reasons, has been warned that if she continues she 'could lead to modifications of the conditions of custody'.
EU law recognises that children have the right to a personal relationship and direct contact with both parents.
A recent parenting report claimed there is a new way to make the transition of a break-up easier for kids.
As any divorcing couple with children will know, part of the agony of separating is deciding how best to shuffle the kids back and forth from their respective parents' homes.
However, the latest separation trend sees the conventional divorce idea turned on its head.
Instead of moving the children each weekend or each month, 'bird's nest parenting' sees the mother and father do the rotating in and out of the home - while the children remain the constants.
Like 'conscious uncoupling' before it, bird's nest parenting requires an ongoing amicable relationship between the two parents in question.
Bird's nest parenting is thought to have originated in 2000 in the US, when a Virginia court agreed that the best solution for two young children in the midst of a family divorce involved them staying in their family home. The parenting idea is opposed to the treating of children as 'frisbees'.
Since then, bird's nest parenting has been become more and more popular in the US, before it has come elsewhere.